Bereavement: A D.I.S.C. Analysis

Karola Dillenburger, Mickey Keenan


Theories of bereavement abound. The endeavour to understand this complex process has moved from intra-psychic explanations and stage theories to cognitive rationalizations and, most recently, process orientated explorations of bereavement. What has been missing in most of the literature to date is a detailed analysis of the context within which bereavement behaviours occur. This paper outlines a contingency analysis that includes consideration for the context of Death itself, Individual factors of the bereaved, Social factors, and influences of Cultural norms and systems (D.I.S.C.). The paper concludes by proposing that a comprehensive D.I.S.C. analysis might lead to whole person evidence-based practice in helping those who are experiencing bereavement.

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Published by the University of Illinois at Chicago Library

And Behaviorists for Social Responsibility