Socialism, Behavioral Theory, and the Egalitarian Society

Richard F. Rakos


This paper extends an earlier analysis (1988) of the extent to which socialism and capitalism are consistent with behavioral principles. I first argue that a reductionistic analysis from the level of systems to that of individuals is warranted. I then propose that socialism, unlike capitalism, fails to provide environmental arrangements that are likely to effectively direct behavior in our current technologically sophisticated environment. I conclude that a scientific, rather than a political, analysis will be more constructive in elucidating the conditions under which society can be altered to provide greater social and economic justice.

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