A Framework for Detecting and Classifying Outbreaks of Gastrointestinal Disease

Kathryn Morrison, Katia Charland, Anya Okhmatovskaia, David Buckeridge

Abstract


Outbreaks of gastrointestinal disease occur with some frequency in North America, resulting in considerably morbidity, mortality, and cost. Outbreak detection can be improved by using simulated outbreak data to build, validate, and evaluate models that aim to improve accuracy and timeliness of outbreak detection. We have constructed a microsimulation model that depicts reasonable outbreak scenarios in space and time, and explore the use of a hidden Markov model along with supervised learning algorithms to find unique space-time outbreak signatures useful for outbreak classification.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v5i1.4417



Online Journal of Public Health Informatics * ISSN 1947-2579 * http://ojphi.org