The Shaping of a Saint-President: Latent Clues from an Autobiography

A A Imam

Abstract


Nelson Mandela’s Long Walk to Freedom provides evidence organized in the form of antecedent-behavior-consequence units, which suggest that a shaping process effected during his many years of incarceration best describes the origins of the outcome represented by the political order in South Africa today. The analysis shows that Mandela’s radicalism at the start of his imprisonment on Robben Island changed into a saintly presidential aura in the end, through a systematic selection process that actively involved Mandela himself and his political aspirations. The saintly qualities ascribed to Mandela today by many are consistent with Skinner’s (1971) notions on autonomous man.

Keywords


Shaping, political behavior, autonomous man, autobiography, Mandela

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/bsi.v18i1.2225



Published by the University of Illinois at Chicago Library

And Behaviorists for Social Responsibility